What is Gum Disease?
Gum Disease is a serious infection and left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.
Gingivitis – A type of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. At Dental Fitness & Spa we provide you with the knowledge to prevent this type of problem – healthy gums and teeth are our mission!
Left unattended, Gingivitis turns into Periodontitis
Gingivitis left untreated can advance to periodontitis. Over time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. This is very uncomfortable and must be avoided for your overall health!
Toxins ‘poop’ produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic (constant) inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming spaces between the teeth and gums that become infected. As the disease progresses, the spaces deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Many times this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed. By having a regular teeth cleaning, early warning signs of this disease will prevent a more serious problem. Having your teeth cleaned on a regular basis is a good thing!
Gum Disease is linked to Heart Disease
Researchers have found that people with gum disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from heart disease and diabetes as those without periodontal disease.
Several theories exist to explain the link between gum disease and heart disease. One theory is that oral bacteria can affect the heart when they enter the blood stream, attaching to fatty plaques inthe heart blood vessels and contributing to clot formation.Blood clots can obstruct normal blood flow, restricting the amount of nutrients and oxygen required for the heart to function properly. This may lead to heart attacks.